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高考英语作文模板

责任编辑:网络编辑部   发布时间:2020-07-22   点击数:
第一部分:如何引出话题
 
1)对立法:先引出其他人的不同看法,然后提出自己的看法或者偏向于某一看法,适用于有争议性的主题。
 
*1+ When asked about..., the vast/overwhelming majority of people say that …. But I think/view a bit differently.
 
  当被问及道......的话题,大多数人认为,但是我却持有一点反对意见。
 
*2+ When it comes to ...., some people believe that…. Others argue/ claim that the opposite/reverse is true. There is probably some truth in both arguments/statements, but I tend to the former/latter.
 
  一提到....一些人相信....然后另一部分人却不这么认为。这两种观点都有相对正确的地方,但我更倾向于前者(后者)
 
*3+Now,it iscommonly/generally/widely believed/held/acknowledged that..... They claim/ believe/argue that ... But I wonder/doubt whether.....   现在,普遍的观点认为...他们坚信....但我对此却表示怀疑...  
 
 2)现象法:引出要剖析的现象或者问题,然后评论。
 
[1] Recently the rise in the problem/phenomenon of ...
 
has cause/aroused public/popular/wide/ worldwide concern.
 
 近来有个现象(问题)不断发生...并且已经受到公众广泛关注。
 
[2] Recently the issue of the problem/phenomenon of ...
 
has been brought into focus/into public attention.
 
  最近关于....的现象(问题)已经进入了公众的视线。
 
  [3] Inflation/Corruption/Social inequality ... is yet another of the new and bitter truth we have to learn to face now/constantly.
 
  通货膨胀(****、社会不平等社会问题)已经成为了新的可怕的真相,使我们不得不持续地面对。
 
  3)观点法:开门见山,直接了当地提出自己对要讨论的问题的看法。
 
  [1] Now people in growing/significant numbers are beginning/coming to realize/accept/(be aware) that...
 
  现在越来越多的人已经开始意识到...
 
[2] Now there is a(n) growing awareness
 
/recognition of the necessity to....   
 
越来越多人已经意识到....的必要性
 
[3] Now people become increasingly aware/conscious of the importance of ....   现在人们已经不断地密切关注......的重要性
 
  [4] Perhaps it is time to have a fresh look at the attitude/idea that....   是时候应该对用一种新的观点(态度)来看待...了
 
  4)引用法:先引出名人名言或者有代表性的看法,来引出文章要展开论述的观点!
 
  [1] "Knowledge is power." This is the remark made by Bacon. This remark has been shared by more and more people.
 
  “知识就是力量”这是培根的名言,正被越来越多的人分享。
 
  [2] "Education is not complete with graduation." This is the opinion of a great American philosopher. Now more and more people share his opinion.
 
  “教育不应该随着毕业而结束。”这是一个著名的美国哲学家的观点,现在越来越多人分享着他的名言。
 
  [3] "...." We often hear statements/words like those/this.   我们经常听到这句名言...
 
  [4] We often hear such traditional complains as this "....".   我们经常听到这句古训...
 
  5)比较法:通过对过去、现在两种不同的倾向、观点的比较,引出文章要讨论的观点。
 
  [1] For years, ...had been viewed as .... But people are taking a fresh look now. With the growing ..., people ....
 
多年来,普遍认为的观点是...但是现在人们正用一种新的眼光看...随着...的增长,人们还会...
 
  [2] People used to think that ... (In the past, ....) But people now share this new idea.
 
  过去人们认为,但是现在人们有了新的观点。
 
  6)故事法:先讲一个较短的故事来引发读者的兴趣,引出文章的主题。少用!   
 
[1] Once in (a newspaper), I read of/learnt..... The phenomenon of ... has aroused public concern.
 
  曾经在报纸上我读到过这么一段事情...这个现象已经引发了强烈的关注。 
 
[2] I have a friend who ... Should he ....? Such a dilemma we are often confronted with in our daily life.
 
我有个朋友他....他应该这样吗?此类困难在我们日常生活中一直遇到。
 
[3]Once upon a time, there lived a man who .... This story may be (unbelievable), but it still has a realistic significance now.
 
从前有个人...这个故事也许是虚构的,但我认为现在很有现实意义。
 
第二部分:万能套用句子
 
(一)段首句
 
1. 关于……人们有不同的观点。一些人认为……
 
There are different opinions among people as to ____ .Some people suggest that ____.
 
2. 俗话说(常言道)……,它是我们前辈的经历,但是,即使在今天,它在许多场合仍然适用。
 
There is an old saying______. It"s the experience of our forefathers,however,it is correct in many cases even today.
 
3. 现在,……,它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害。首先,……;其次,……。更为糟糕的是……。
 
Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life. First, ____ Second,____. What makes things worse is that______.
 
4. 现在,……很普遍,许多人喜欢……,因为……,另外(而且)……。
 
Nowadays,it is common to ______. Many people like ______ because ______. Besides,______.
 
5. 任何事物都是有两面性,……也不例外。它既有有利的一面,也有不利的一面。
 
Everything has two sides and ______ is not an exception,it has both advantages and disadvantages.
 
6. 关于……人们的观点各不相同,一些人认为(说)……,在他们看来,……   People's opinions about ______ vary from person to person. Some people say that ______.To them,_____.
 
7. 人类正面临着一个严重的问题……,这个问题变得越来越严重。  Man is now facing a big problem ______ which is becoming more and more serious.
 
8. ……已成为人的关注的热门话题,特别是在年青人当中,将引发激烈的辩论。
 
  ______ has become a hot topic among people,especially among the young and heated debates are right on their way.
 
9. ……在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用,它给我们带来了许多好处,但同时也引发一些严重的问题。
 
______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life.it has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.   
 
10. 根据图表/数字/统计数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图可以看出……。很显然……,但是为什么呢?
 
According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar graph/line/graph,it can be seen that______ while. Obviously,______,but why?  
 
 (二)中间段落句
 
1. 相反,有一些人赞成……,他们相信……,而且,他们认为……。
 
On the contrary,there are some people in favor of ___.At the same time,they say____.
 
2. 但是,我认为这不是解决……的好方法,比如……。最糟糕的是……。But I don"t think it is a very good way to solve ____.For example,____.Worst of all,___.
 
3. ……对我们国家的发展和建设是必不可少的,(也是)非常重要的。首先,……。而且……,最重要的是……
 
______is necessary and important to our country"s development and construction. First,______.What"s more, _____.Most important of all,______.  
 
4. 有几个可供我们采纳的方法。首先,我们可以……。  There are several measures for us to adopt. First, we can______
 
5. 面临……,我们应该采取一系列行之有效的方法来……。一方面……,另一方面,
 
Confronted with______,we should take a series of effective measures to______. For one thing,______For another,______
 
6. 早就应该拿出行动了。比如说……,另外……。所有这些方法肯定会……。  It is high time that something was done about it. For example. _____.In addition. _____.All these measures will certainly______.
 
7. 为什么……?第一个原因是……;第二个原因是……;第三个原因是……。总的来说,……的主要原因是由于……
 
Why______? The first reason is that ______.The second reason is ______.The third is ______.For all this, the main cause of ______due to______.
 
8. 然而,正如任何事物都有好坏两个方面一样,……也有它的不利的一面,象……。
 
However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides, ______also has its own disadvantages, such as ______.   
 
9. 尽管如此,我相信……更有利。
 
Nonetheless, I believe that ______is more advantageous.   10. 完全同意……这种观点(陈述),主要理由如下:  I fully agree with the statement that ______ because______.   
 
(三)结尾句
 
1. 至于我,在某种程度上我同意后面的观点,我认为……
 
As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some extent. I think that ____.
 
2. 总而言之,整个社会应该密切关注……这个问题。只有这样,我们才能在将来……。
 
In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem of ______.Only in this way can ______in the future.
 
3. 但是,……和……都有它们各自的优势(好处)。例如,……,而……。然而,把这两者相比较,我更倾向于(喜欢)……
 
But ______and ______have their own advantages. For example, _____, while_____. Comparing this with that, however, I prefer to______.
 
4. 就我个人而言,我相信……,因此,我坚信美好的未来正等着我们。因为……
 
Personally, I believe that_____. Consequently, I'm confident that a bright future is awaiting us because______.
 
5. 随着社会的发展,……。因此,迫切需要……。如果每个人都愿为社会贡献自已的一份力量,这个社会将要变得越来越好。
 
  With the development of society, ______.So it"s urgent and necessary to ____.If every member is willing to contribute himself to the society, it will be better and better.
 
6. 至于我(对我来说,就我而言),我认为……更合理。只有这样,我们才能……   For my part, I think it reasonable to_____. Only in this way can you _____.
 
7. 对我来说,我认为有必要……。原因如下:第一,……; 第二,……;最后……但同样重要的是……
 
In my opinion, I think it necessary to____. The reasons are as follows. First _____.Second ______. Last but not least,______.
 
8. 在总体上很难说……是好还是坏,因为它在很大程度上取决于……的形势。然而,就我个人而言,我发现……。
 
It is difficult to say whether _____is good or not in general as it depends very much on the situation of______. However, from a personal point of view find______.
 
9. 综上所述,我们可以清楚地得出结论……
 
From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the conclusion that____.
 
10. 如果我们不采取有效的方法,就可能控制不了这种趋势,就会出现一些意想不到的不良后果,所以,我们应该做的是……
 
  If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and some undesirable result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do is_____.
 
第三部分:全文模板
 
1、话题作文   
 
 Nowadays, there are more and more __ _ in __ _. It is estimated that ___. Why have there been so many ____? Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows.
 
The first one is ______. Besides,_____. The third one is _____. To sum up, the main cause of it is due to _____. It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing,_____. For another thing, _____. All these measures will certainly reduce the number of _____.       
 
2、对比观点作文
 
 (1) 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。
 
 1. 有一些人认为。。。  2. 另一些人认为。。。  3. 我的看法。。。
 
The topic of ①-----------------(主题)is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions about it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of ②-----------------(支持A的理由一)What is more, ③-------------理由二). Moreover, ④---------------(理由三).
 
  While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,-----------------(支持B的理由一). Secondly (besides),⑥------------------(理由二). Thirdly (finally),⑦------------------(理由三).
 
  From my point of view, I think ⑧----------------(我的观点). The reason is that ⑨--------------------(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice .    
 
(2)  给出一个观点,要求考生反对这一观点
 
Some people believe that ①----------------(观点一). For example, they think ②-----------------(举例说明).And it will bring them ③-----------------(为他们带来的好处).
 
  In my opinion, I never think this reason can be the point. For one thing,④-------------(我不同意该看法的理由一). For another thing, ⑤-----------------(反对的理由之二).
 
Form all what I have said, I agree to the thought that ⑥------------------(我对文章所讨论主题的看法)
 
3.阐述主题题型      
 
要求从一句话或一个主题出发,按照提纲的要求进行论述.   1. 阐述名言或主题所蕴涵的意义.   2. 分析并举例使其更充实.
 
The good old proverb ----------------(名言或谚语)reminds us that ----------------(释义). Indeed, we can learn many things form it.
 
First of all,-----------------(理由一). For example, -------------------(举例说明). Secondly,----------------(理由二). Another case is that ---------------(举例说明). Furthermore , ------------------(理由三).  
 
4.解决方法题型
 
要求考生列举出解决问题的多种途径   
 
1. 问题现状 2. 怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点)
 
In recent days, we have to face I problem-----A, which is becoming more and more serious. First, ------------(说明A的现状).Second, ---------------(举例进一步说明现状)
 
Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, ---------------(解决方法一). For another -------------(解决方法二). Finally, --------------(解决方法三).
 
Personally, I believe that -------------(我的解决方法). Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because --------------(带来的好处). .  
 
5.说明利弊题型
 
这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状,再对比事物本身的利弊,有时也会单从一个角度(利或弊)出发,最后往往要求考生表明自己的态度(或对事物前景提出预测)
 
  1. 说明事物现状
 
  2. 事物本身的优缺点(或一方面)   3. 你对现状(或前景)的看法
 
Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First ----------------(A的优点之一). Besides -------------------(A的优点之二).
 
But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that ----------------(A的第一个缺点).To make matters worse,------------------(A的第二个缺点).
 
Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to ---------------(我的看法).   (From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this way, ---------------(对前景的预测)
 
6、图标作文
 
As is shown by the figure/percentage in the table/picture,____ has been on rise/ decrease, significantly/dramatically rising/decreasing from ____ in _____ to _____ in _____. From the sharp rise/decline in the chart, it goes without saying that _____.
 
There are at least two good reasons accounting for _____. In one hand, ____.In the other hand, _____ is due to the fact that ______.In addition, ______ is responsible for _____. Maybe there are some other reasons to show ______.But itis generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing.
 
As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that _______. I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded.     
 
   
 
7、书信作文模板  
 
Your addressMonth, Date, yearReceiver's addressDear …,
 
I am extremely pleased to hear from you. And I would like to write a letter to tell you that_____.   ……
 
I will greatly appreciate a response from you at your earliest convenience/I am looking f0rward to your replies at your earliest convenience.   Best regards for your health and success.
 
Sincerely yours,
 
xxx
 
实用性写作(申请信 )  
 
Your address Month, Date, year   Receiver's address   Dear ...,
 
I am extremely pleased to hear from you./ to see your advertisement for the position in .... And I would like to write a letter to tell you that.../ I am confident that I am suitable for the kind of the job you are advertising.
 
.../ I feel I am competent to meet the requirements you have listed. On the one hand, .... On the other hand, .... I am enclosing my resume for your kind consideration and reference.
 
I shall be much obliged if you will offer me a precious opportunity to an interview. I will greatly appreciate a response from you at your earliest convenience/ I am looking forward to your replies at your earliest convenience.   Best regards for your health and success.   
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